Is it true that electric vehicles are better for the environment?
The most significant advantage of electric vehicles is the contribution they can make to improving air quality in cities. Pure electric vehicles create no carbon dioxide emissions when driving because they do not have a tailpipe. This significantly minimizes air pollution.
Simply put, electric vehicles provide cleaner streets, making our cities and towns safer for walkers and bikers. Just one electric car on the road for a year can save an average of 1.5 million grams of CO2. That's the equivalent of four London-Barcelon round-trip flights.
Petrol vs Electric Car
The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology has created a
tool to assess the overall environmental effect of electric vs. internal combustion engine (petrol) cars. The major goal is to help people understand why, how, and in which situations electro-mobility lives up to its green image by reducing per-kilometer emissions as compared to its fossil-fuel-based alternative. A second goal is to demonstrate how electric vehicles can "counter-perform" in various situations, such as when the battery size varies, or the background electricity mix changes, or the battery lifetime changes, or how winter weather affects battery performance.
What is the environmental impact of electric vehicle production?
Electric vehicles require a lot of energy to manufacture. Even after accounting for battery manufacturing, electric cars are still a more environmentally friendly option. This is due to the lower emissions produced over the car's lifetime.
The emissions produced during the production of an electric cars are often higher than those produced during the production of a conventional car. This is related to the production of lithium ion batteries, which are an important component of electric vehicles. The energy used to manufacture an electric automobile accounts for more than a third of the car's total CO2 emissions over its lifespan. This is changing for the better as technology advances.
The market for reusing and recycling batteries is also developing. Second-hand battery research is looking for ways to reuse batteries in new technologies like electricity storage. We might one day all have batteries in our houses that we can use to store our own energy. This type of opportunity will help to lessen the battery industry's long-term environmental effect.
What about the energy needed to power an electric vehicle?
Even with energy generation, the carbon emissions of an electric vehicle are roughly 17–30% lower than driving a petrol or diesel car, according to research by the European Energy Agency. When low carbon electricity is used, emissions from electricity generation are greatly reduced.
This is excellent news for our clients. EDF generates more low-carbon electricity than any other electricity provider in the UK (1). The GoElectric tariff is likewise made entirely of renewable energy, allowing electric car owners to make more informed decisions about how they charge
their vehicles and reduce their environmental effect while doing so.
Are hybrid cars just as environmentally friendly as gasoline-powered vehicles?
During a drive, plug-in hybrids produce some pollutants by combining an electric motor with a regular gasoline engine.
A hybrid's environmental credentials are determined by how much of the route is traveled on electric miles and how the vehicle is charged. This is why hybrid drivers should think about how their electricity is generated. Choose a sustainable energy source, such as the GoElectric tariff, and you'll be helping to reduce emissions.
All of this indicates that electric vehicles have a significant role to play in lowering transportation emissions and in improving the quality of the air we breathe.
Electric vehicles and the UK's Net Zero goal
According to London's Mayor, road transport is responsible for around half of the city's pollution. It's no surprise that the UK government and local governments want to see more electric vehicles on the road. The UK government has set a goal of banning the sale of gasoline and diesel cars by 2040. Electric cars will play an important role in the government's goal of reducing carbon emissions to zero by 2050.
Furthermore, EVs can aid in the reduction of noise pollution, particularly in places where traffic speeds are normally modest. Because electric vehicles are far quieter than conventional vehicles, we all benefit from a more calm environment.
Defne Ilgın Çinici